A day late... I need to be more vigilant with this.
1861 -- In what is generally regarded as the first Union combat fatality of the Civil War, Private Thornsbury Bailey Brown was shot and killed by a Confederate soldier at Fetterman Bridge in present-day West Virginia.
1990 -- The Yemen rebublic split into North Yemen and South Yemen.
Another interesting fact-- Sir Arthur Canon Doyle was born in Edinburgh, Scotland in 1859 on this day. He was the writer of the Sherlock Holmes series.